- 1 in 7 women (14.2%) in Hawai'i has experienced a completed forcible rape during their lives. (Ruggiero, Kilpatrick 2003)
- Nearly 1 in 5 women (18.3%) in the United States has been raped in her lifetime. This includes forced penetration (completed or attempted) or alcohol/drug facilitated competed penetration (Black, et al. 2011)
- About 1 in 71 men (1.4%) in the United States have been raped and 1 in 21 (4.8%) men have been made to penetrate someone else in their lifetime. (ibid)
- Nearly 1 in 8 women (12.5%) and 1 in 16 men (6%) report experiencing sexual coercion in the lifetime. This is defined as unwanted sexual penetration that occurs after a person is pressured in a nonphysical way. (ibid)
- Over 40 percent of female victims of completed rape were first rape before the age 18 and more than one-quarter of male victims of completed rape were first raped before the age of 11. (ibid)
- While child sexual abuse statistics vary, most research studies show between 17% and 25% of girls and between 7% and 16% of boys will experience sexual abuse before age 18. (CDC 2009; Felitti 1998)
- Over 98 percent (98.1%) of female victims of rape report a male perpetrator. (Black, et al. 2011)
- Over 93 percent (93.3%) of male victims of rape report a male perpetrator. (ibid)
- About 80 percent (79.2%) of male victims who were made to penetrate someone else or who were sexually coerced into penetrating someone else (83.6%) report a female perpetrator. (ibid)
- Over 90 percent (91.9%) of female victims of rape report being raped by an intimate partner or acquaintance. (ibid)
- More than half of male victims of rape report being raped by an acquaintance and 15 percent by a stranger. (ibid)
- Juveniles are perpetrators of about 40 percent of child sexual assault victimizations. (Snyder 2000)
- Of all sexual perpetrators known to law enforcement 23 percent are under the age of 18. (ibid)
Characteristics of Sexual Assaults
- About four in ten sexual assaults take place at the victim's own home. Two in ten take place in the home of a friend, neighbor or relative (Greenfeld 1997)
- Approximately one-third of rapes/sexual assaults occur during the day (6 a.m. to 6 p.m.) (Greenfeld 1997)
- In over 35 percent of sexual assaults, the offender is intoxicated. (Greenfeld 1998)
- Only 13 percent of sexual assaults involved a weapon. (US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2004)
Impact of Victimization
- Rape survivors are three times more likely to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder episodes than individuals who have not been raped, four times more likely to have contemplated suicide and 13 times more likely to have attempted suicide. (Schafran1996).
- Sexual victimization is associated with severe and enduring behavioral consequences for victims, including increased drug and alcohol use, domestic violence, depression, suicide and teenage pregnancy. (Seymour et al. 1992).
- Rape had the highest annual victim cost at $127 billion per year, followed by assault, murder and drunken driving. (US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2000)
At Risk Populations
Children & Teens
- While child sexual abuse statistics vary, most research studies show between 17% and 25% of girls and between 5% and 16% of boys will experience sexual abuse before age 18. (CDC 2009; Felitti 1998)
- Of all sexual assault victimizations reported to law enforcement agencies, 67 percent of victims were under 18 years of age, 34 percent were under 12 and 14 percent were six years old or younger. (Snyder 2000).
- Over 90 percent of juvenile sexual assault victims reported knowing their attacker: 34 percent were family members and 59 percent acquaintances. Only seven percent of the perpetrators were strangers to the victim. (ibid)
- Juveniles are perpetrators of about 40 percent of child sexual assault victimizations. (ibid)
- Women who reported they were raped before the age of 18 were three to five times more likely to experience subsequent adult victimization than those who had not been raped. (Desai et al 2002; Noll et al. 2003)
- Childhood or adolescent sexual abuse is associated with a range of high-risk sexual behaviors, including the likelihood of being battered; trading sex for drugs, shelter, or money; entry into prostitution; and less likelihood to use birth control. (Boyer and Fine 1992, Finkelhor 1987, Paone et al. 1992, Zierler et al. 1991)
- Teens 16 to 19 years old are three and a half times more likely than the general population to be victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault. (Rennison 2000)
- Female students who have been physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner in the 9th grade through 12th grade are at increased risk for substance abuse, unhealthy weight gain, risky sexual behavior, pregnancy and suicide. (Silverman, Raj, Mucci, Hathaway 2001)
- Among college students nationwide, 20 percent to 25 percent of women reported experiencing completed or attempted rape. (Fisher, Cullen, Turner 2000)
- Of surveyed college women, about 90 percent of rape and sexual assault victims knew their attacker prior to the assault. (ibid)
- Among female undergraduates at the University of Hawaii-Manoa, approximately 10 percent report experiencing sexual assault, 2 percent report being raped, 11 percent report experiencing partner violence, and over 10 percent report experiencing being stalked since starting school. (Bopp 2003)
- Women with disabilities are at least twice as likely to be raped and abused as the general population of women. (Sobsey 1994)
- Among adults who are developmentally disabled, as many as 83 percent of females and 32 percent of males are the victims of sexual assault. (Johnson, Sigler 2000)
- In one study, 40 percent of women with physical disabilities reported being sexually assaulted. (Young, Nosek, Howland, Chanpong, Rintala 1997)
Reporting Sexual Assault
On average, from 1992 to 2000, only 31 percent of all rapes and sexual victimizations were reported to the police. (Hart, Timothy and Rennison 2003)
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